Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Artemisia maritima L., Sp. Pl. 846. 1753. et ed. 2, 1186. 1763; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 3: 323. 1881.

Eng.: Drooping Sea-wormwood; Garh.: (Bhotia): Safedpurcha; Guj.: Chhuvaria-jamoda, Kirmanidinechi; Mar.: Kirmaniova, Surabandi, (Bombay): Kiramaniova; Sans.: Chhara, Jantunashava; Urdu.: Darmanah.

Herbs or shrubs, perennial, erect or spreading, stunted, hoary tomentose, aromatic; rootstock woody, branched; stems many, wiry, branched from base, 8 - 40 cm high. Leaves 0.3 - 5 cm long, 2-pinnatisect, often white tomentose; segments small, spreading, linear, obtuse; Heads brownish whtie or yellow, homogamous, suberect or nodding, sessile, crowded in densely or soarsely fascicled spikes, usually with 3 - 11 florets, subtended by a setaceous leafy bracteole, ovoid or oblong or globose, 0.3 - 0.4 cm in diam. Involucral bracts broadly oblong to obovate with brown white scarious margins, 2 - 3 mm long. Receptacle small, naked. Florets all tubular, hermaphrodite, 1.5 - 2 mm long, fertile. Achenes not seen.


1a. Heads ovoid or oblong; involucral bracts broadly oblong to narrowly obovate; florets 5. 18.1. maritima
b. Heads globose; involucral bracts obovate, usually boat shaped; florets 6-11. 18.2. thomsoniana

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