Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Artemisia sieversiana Ehrh. ex Willd., Sp. Pl. 3: 1845. 1803; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 3: 329. 1881.

Beng.: Dana, Dona; Guj.: Damro; Hindi: Dauna; Mar.: Davana, Rana davana, (Bombay): Downa; Sans.: Agnidamanaka, Dandi, Pushpachamara; Urdu.: Afsantin.

Herbs erect, annual or biennial, sparsely hoary pubescent, 25 - 90 cm high; stems pale green, often paniculately branched upwards, more or less angled, sulcate. Leaves generally 2-pinnatisect, sometimes pinnatifid or simply lobed, gradually becoming entire upwards; segments linear to oblong, obtuse. Heads bracteate, lax, long pedicelled in panic1ed racemes, secund, sometimes clustered in two's, nodding, 5 - 6 mm in diam. Outer involucral bracts oblong, herbaceous with obscure scarious margins, 4 mm long, inner ones oblong to ovate, with broad scarious margins, 3 x 3 mm, hoary pubescent innermost broadly oblong, with broad scarious margins, 3 x 1.5 mm, glabrous. Receptacle hairy. Outer florets female, fertile, 1 x 0.5 mm, corolla dull white, slightly dilated at the base, glandular, obscurely lobed. Disc florets fertile, hermaphrodite, yellow tubular, 1.5 - 2 x 0.5 mm, glabrous or sparsely glandular; limb 5-fid, ovate, acute. Anthers aristate. Achenes brown, obovate, 1.5 x 0.8 mm, obscurely trigonous.

Fl. & Fr. July - Sept.

Distrib. India: W. Himalayas, on marshy and sandy soil, between 2500 - 3500 m. Jammu & Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh.

Pakistan, W. Tibet, China and Westwards to S. Russia.

Notes. The plant is a good tonic, febrifuge and anthelmentic. It is applied externally as discutient and antiseptic.

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