Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Cirsium falconeri (Hook.f.) Petrak in Feddes, Repert. 9: 198. 1911. Cnicus falconeri Hook.f., Fl Brit. Ind. 3: 363. 1881. Cirsium verutum [auct. non (D. Don) Spreng.] Kitam. in Fl. E. Himal 330. 1966. C. involucratum (auct. non DC.) Kitam. in F. & Fl. Nepal Himal. 250. 1955 Cnicus involucratus [auct. non (DC.)] Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 3: 362. 1881.

Herbs, very stout, tall, villous. Leaves membranous, setose and spinescent above, appressed cottony beneath; tteth and lobes spinescent; cauline large, broad, ovate or ovate-lanceolate, sinuate-lobed or subpinnatidid. Heads 6 - 7.5 cm across, globose, subsolitary drooping, densely woolly. Involucral bracts lanceolate, all ending in a long slender, flexuous spine. Corolla 2.5 cm long. Achenes ca 5 mm long. Pappus ca 1.5 cm long.

June - Oct.

Distrib. India: Himalayas, 3000-4500 m. Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Sik1cim.

Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar and S. Tibet.

Notes. Kitamura & Gould [in Hara (ed.) Enum. Fl. Pl. Nepal 3: 146. 1982] observe "Cirsium falconeri as recognised here is a very variable species. Plants from Kashmir have leaves which are strongly spinescent above, tomentose beneath, with lobes terminating in spines 1.5-2.5 cm long. The involucres are woolly and densely covered in long yellow spines. Plants from the eastern Himalayas have leaves which are often sparsely spinescent above and with shorter spines on the lobes. Tomentum is sometimes absent from leaves and involucres, and involucral spines vary in length and density. The amount of variation suggests that several species may be involved and further study is required".

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