Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Alchornea rugosa (Lour.) Müll.Arg. in Linnaea 34: 170. 1865 & in DC., Prodr. 15(2): 905. 1866; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 422. 1887. Cladodes rugosa Lour., Fl. Cochinch. 574. 1790. Conceveiba javanensis (‘Conceveibum javanense’) Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 614. 1826. Aparisthmium javense (Blume) Endl. ex Hassk., Cat. Hort. Bot. Bogor. 235. 1844 (as javensis). Alchornea javensis (Blume) Müll.Arg. in Linnaea 34: 170. 1865 & in DC., Prodr. 15(2): 905. 1866; Thoth, in Bull. Bot. Surv. India 2: 346. 1960.


Nicobar.: Tamfathu.

Shrubs or trees, dioecious, 1 - 10 m tall. Leaves obovate or subpanduriform to elliptic, cuneate or attenuate at base and narrowly cordate to rounded at extreme base, shallowly serrate to crenate along margins, caudate-acuminate at apex, 9 - 28 x 2.5 - 10 cm, chartaceous to membranous, glabrous except the puberulous midrib beneath; lateral nerves 5 - 10 pairs; petioles 2 - 7 (- 30) mm long; stipules subulate, 3 - 4 mm long. Male inflorescences terminal, paniculate racemes, 10 - 25 cm long; flowers dark crimson; calyx segments 2 – 5; stamens 4, ca 2 mm long; filaments shortly connate. Female inflorescences terminal, simple racemes or spikes, often with a few branches, 9 - 15 cm long; flowers sessile to subsessile; sepals ovate or oblong, 2 - 3 x 1 - 2 mm; ovary 2 - 3 mm in diam.; styles simple, 3 - 4 mm long. Fruits subglobose, 8 - 10 mm in diam., strongly 3-lobed, glabrous.

Fl. & Fr. Jan. - Dec.

Distrib. India: Coastal forests, mixed or primary inland forests, on sandy or clayey soil at low altitudes, often on roadsides in Car Nicobar Island. Andaman & Nicobar Islands.

Myanmar, S. China, throughout Malesia to New Guinea and N. Australia.

Uses. The Nicobar tribes use it medicinally for children’s diseases. (Thothathri, l. c.).




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