Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Alchornea tiliifolia (Benth.) Müll.Arg. in Linnaea 34: 168. 1865 & in DC., Prodr. 15(2): 903. 1866; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 421. 1887. Stipellaria tiliifolia Benth. in Hooker’s J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 6: 4. 1854 (as tiliaefolia).


Nep.: Sanu-malata.

Shrubs or trees, 1 - 5 m tall. Leaves orbicular or broadly ovate to rhombate-ovate, broadly cuneate to rounded or narrowly subcordate at base, glandular-dentate along margins, acute to shortly caudate-acuminate at apex, 6 - 22 x 3 - 18 cm, chartaceous to membranous, gland-dotted, sparsely pubescent above, puberulous on nerves beneath, trinerved at base; lateral nerves 4 - 6 pairs, with discoid glands between veins; petioles (5-) 8 - 15 mm long, reddish hairy, with 2 subulate 1.5 - 2 mm long stipels at apex; stipules filiform, 4 - 6 mm long, subpersistent. Inflorescences simple or rarely branched racemes, terminal or axillary, or 2 - 4 clustered in axils of fallen leaves, 3 - 12 cm long; bracts minute; pedicels 1 - 3 mm long. Male flowers: subsessile, clustered on rachis; calyx lobes 2 - 4, ca 1 mm long; stamens 5 - 8, connate at base. Female flowers: arranged singly on simple terminal 6 - 8 cm long racemes; pedicels 1 - 2 mm long; sepals 5 - 8, subulate-lanceolate, 4 - 5 mm long; ovary globose, tubercled, 3-loculed, 2 - 3 mm long; styles free. Fruits subsessile, ellipsoid, flattened, 3-loculed, 3-lobed, 12 - 16 mm long, minutely purplish tuberculate; seeds obovoid, nearly smooth.

Fl. & Fr. April - Oct.

Distrib. India: Subtropical evergreen forests at 500 - 1500 m altitudes. West Bengal, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Meghalaya and Andaman & Nicobar Islands.

Bangladesh, Bhutan, Myanmar, China, Laos, Vietnam, Thailand, Sumatra, Java and Borneo.

Notes. Chromosome number: 2n = 18 (Mehra & Hans, Taxon 18: 310 - 315. 1969).




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