Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Echinops echinatus Roxb., Fl. Ind. 3: 447. 1832; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 3: 358. 1881.

Hindi: Utakanta, Gokru; Mar.: Utanti; Sans.: Kantalu, Utati.

Annuals, 30 - 60 cm high, branched from base; branches wide spreading. Leaves oblong, pinnatifid, 7.5 - 20 cm long sessile; lobes triangular or oblong, sinuate, spinescent,spines often ca 4 cm long. Heads white 2.5 - 3.5 cm across, with many stout spines; spines 1.5 - 3.5 cm long. Involucre surrounded by strong, white bristles; outer involucral bracts 6 - 8, oblanceolate, glabrous; inner ca 8 mm long. Achenes obconic, ca 4 mm long, silky villous.

Fl. & Fr. March - Sept.

Distrib. India: Almost throughout, ascending to ca 1600 m. Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar. Pradesh, Rajasthan, Bihar, W. Bengal, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Maharashtra.

Afghanistan, Pakistan and Myanmar.

Notes. Common weed of open waste places and cultivated fields. Plants are used in hoarse cough and hysteria; powdered roots mixed with acacia gum, is applied to kill hair lice.

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