Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Herbs, stout; stems often spinose winged. Leaves spinose-dentate, pinnatifid-pinnatisect, rarely subentire. Heads globose-ovoid. Involucral bracts many-seriate, spinescent. Receptacle with deep pits having dentate margins. Florets pink or reddish purple or white. Anthers with subulate, apical appendages; filaments pilose. Achenes elliptic, compressed or subtetragonal, glabrous. Pappus hairs many-seriate, scabrid or plumose, united into a ring at base.

Europe, N. Africa. W. Asia; ca 40 species, 1 in India.




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