Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Spilanthes ciliata H.B.K., Nov. Gen. et Spa Pl. 208. 1820.


Herbs, diffuse, rooting at lower nodes; stems terete, glabrous. Leaves ovate-acute with rounded base, serrate at margins, 7 x 4 cm. Heads yellow rayed, subglobose, becoming conical, axillary solitary 1 cm across; peduncles up to 8 cm long. Involucral bracts biseriate; inner narrow, elliptic, 6 x 2 mm, 3-nerved with narrowly winged margins. Paleae concave, obtuse, keeled along the back, up to 3 mm long. Ray florets 8 - 12, female; corolla 3-dentate. Achenes black, trigonous, glabrous, ciliate along the margins, truncate at top with a short beak. Pappus of 3 awns, deciduous. Disc florets many, bisexual; corolla tube abruptly expanded from middle. Achenes black, oblong, 2 x 0.5 mm, truncate at the apex, laterally compressed, strongly margined, ciliate along the margins. Pappus of 2 unequal bristles.

Fl. & Fr. March - May.

Distrib. India: Common in wet or marshy places. Madhya Pradesh and Kerala.

A native of neotropics.




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