Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Spilanthes oleracea L., Syst. Nat. ed. 12,2: 534. 1767. Spilanthes acmella var. oleracea C.B. Clarke, Comp. Ind. 138. 1876; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 3: 307. 1881.


Herbs, up to 50 cm high, annual or perennial, erect, somewhat succulent. Leaves triangular or triangular-ovate, obtuse at the apex, dentate to undulate-dentate or nearly entire, 1 - 5.5 x 1 - 5.0 cm, glabrous. Heads often 2 coloured, yellow and reddish-brown, discoid, solitary, axillary, 1 - 2 cm across on 7 - 9 cm long peduncles. Receptacle conical to oblong. Involucral bracts biseriate, oblong-obtuse, 4 - 6 mm long; corolla reddish-brown when young, tubular, 1.9 - 2.0 mm long, 5-lobed. Achenes monomorphic; up to 2 mm long, laterally compressed, ciliate at the edges. Pappus of 2 or 1 bristle or absent.

Fl. & Fr. Throughout the year.

Distrib. India: Throughout the country in tropical regions.

Nepal, Myanmar, Bangladesh, Malaysia, Indonesia, Sri Lanka and Brazil.

Notes. Leaves are used as pot herbs by natives in Meghalaya & Silhet. Cultivated as a medicinal plant too.




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