Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Spilanthes uliginosa Sw., Nov. Gen. Pl. Seu Prodr. Descr. Veg. Ind. Occ. 110. 1788; Sivaraj. & Matthew in Anc. Sci. Life 3: 169. 1984.


Herbs up to 1 m high, creeping or sometimes erect, rooting at nodes; stems subglabrous to scabrid-pilose. Leaves ovate-elliptic, obtuse, attenuate, entire or undulate, 1.5 - 6 x 1 - 3.5 cm, glabrous on both surfaces; petioles 1 - 1.5 cm long. Heads radiate, ovoid or subglobose, subpaniculate, 4 - 6 X 3 - 5 mm, turning to elongate-ovoid at maturity, 5 - 10 x 4 - 5 mm, borne on filiform peduncles, 1 - 4.5 cm long. Involucral bracts 5 - 8, uniseriate, ovate to lanceolate, obtuse, minutely pilose, fimbriate at the margins. Ray florets usually 5; corolla with 2 - 3 rounded lobes at the apex, 1 - 3 mm long. Style arms short. Disc florets many; corolla funnel-shaped, 2 mm long, 4 lobed. Acheaes dimotphic, 1 - 1.5 x 0.5 mm long, marginal ones trigonous, central ones laterally compressed, margins sparsely ciliate. Pappus of 2 unequal bristles; absent in ray achenes.

Fl. & Fr. March - Sept.

Distrib. India: West Bengal and Tamil Nadu.

Nepal, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, New Guinea, Philippines and S. America.




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