Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Chrozophora oblongifolia (Delile) A.Juss. ex Spreng., Syst. Veg. 3: 850. 1826. Croton oblongifolius Delile, Fl. Egypte 283, t. 51, f. 1. 1812. Chrozophora obliqua non Spreng., 1826: sensu Müll.Arg. in DC., Prodr. 15(2): 749. 1886, excl. Wall. Cat. 7716 G; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 409. 1889, p. p.


Shrubs or woody herbs, up to 1 m high, densely white or tawny stellate tomentose. Leaves ovate or triangular-lanceolate, more or less lobed or incised, subentire or sinuate-toothed along margins, rounded or cuneate at base, subobtuse at apex, 3 - 5 x 1 - 2 cm, usually with 2 glands beneath near the base of midrib; main nerves few; petioles 1 - 2.5 cm long; stipules linear, soon caducous. Inflorescences axillary bracteate racemes, the males towards upper part, sessile, the females towards lower part, pedicellate. Male flowers: subsessile; sepals ca 3 mm long; petals lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate, 3 - 4 mm long yellowish; stamens 4 – 7 (- 12), united below. Female flowers: pedicels ca 5 mm long; sepals triangular to linear-lanceolate, ca 2.5 x 1 mm; ovary clothed with silvery lepidote scales; styles ca 3 mm long, 2-fid to about half way down. Fruits subglobose, ca 7 mm in diam., bluish purple, covered with silvery lepidote scales, with fringed margins; seeds triangular-ovoid, 4 – 5 mm long, coarsely tuberculate.

Fl. & Fr. Jan. - April.

Distrib. India: Arid zones in sandy soil, often in sublittoral zones. Rajasthan.

Pakistan to coastal NE. Africa.

Notes. Chromosome numbers: C. obliqua: 2n = 22 (Gill et al., Cytologia 38: 393 - 401. 1973); 2n = 44 (Malik, Sci. & Cult. 25: 437. 1960; Choda & Mehra, Curr. Sci. 41: 76. 1972).




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