Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Alliaria petiolata (M. Bieb.) Cavara & Grande in Boll. Orto Bot. Regia Univ. Napoli 3: 418. 1913; Chowdhery & Wadhwa, Fl. Himachal Pradesh 1: 52. 1984. Arabis Petiolata M. Bieb., Fl. Taur. - Cauc. 2: 126. 1808. Erysimum alliaria L., Sp. Pl. 660. 1753. Sisymbrium alliaria (L.) Scop., Fl. Carn. 2: 26. 1772; Hook. f. & T. Anderson in Fl. Brit. India 1: 151. 1872. Alliaria officinalis Andrz. ex M. Bieb., Fl. Taur.-Cauc. 3: 445. 1819.


Herbs, branched or simple, 30 - 95 cm high. Basal leaves reniform, 5 - 12 x 2 - 6 cm, dentate; petioles 3 - 5 cm long. Upper leaves ovate-cordate or deltoid, crenate, 1.5 - 7.5 x 0.8 - 5.5 cm, membranous; petioles 1 - 2 cm long. Racemes 10 - 30-flowered, up to 20 cm long in fruit. Flowers white, ca 4 mm across; pedicels up to 6 mm long in fruit. Sepals ca 2 mm long. Petals ca 6 mm long. Stamens 2 - 3 mm long. Fruits 3.5 - 5.5 cm long; valves 3-nerved, with slot midrib. Seeds oblong, striate and dotted, dark brown.

Fl. & Fr. May- July.

Uses. India: On rocky hill slopes at 2300 - 3000 m. Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh.

Nepal, Pakistan, Asia, Europe and N. America.




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