Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Garcinia zeylanica Roxb., Pl. Corom. 3: 94. 1820 & Fl. Ind. 2: 621. 1832.

Trees, up to 20 m tall, glabrous; bark dark brown. Leaves 8 - 10 x 4 - 6 cm, oblanceolate, tapering into 1 - 1.5 cm long petiole at base, subacute at apex; lateral veins 5 - 7 pairs, prominent. Male flowers: in axillary and pseudoterminal fascicles; pedicels 1 - 2.5 cm long. Sepals 4, orbicular; outer pair ca 2 mm long, inner ca 3 mm long. Petals 6 - 7 mm long, 4, oblong, fleshy, concave. Stamens ca 30; filaments connate into short, cylindrical, fungiform bundle. Rudimentary pistil often large. Female or pseudobisexual Dowers solitary, axillary and pseudoterminal, subsessile, larger than the male flowers. Filaments 6 - 8, short, each bearing a short, abortive anther. Ovary globose, 6 - 8-locular, With longitudinal grooves. Berries up to 8 cm in diam., depressed globose, glossy pale yellow or orange, smooth, rounded, torulose ribs and as many, grooves, both ending below the flat top, mamilla absent; sepals persistent, reflexed; stigmas of 6 - 9 hard papillate rays, 3 - 4 mm in diam. Seeds 3 cm long. oblong, embedded in a very soft, juciy sweet acid arillode.

This endemic species of Sri Lanka was introduced in the botanic garden at Trao-quebar near Tanjore, Tamil Nadu and in Indian Botanic Garden, Howrah, West Bengal.

Notes. It is closely allied to G. gummi-gutta (L.) N. Robson of which it is sometimes treated as a variety but can be distinguished by its peculiar characters of stamens, ovary and particularly of fruit.

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