Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Herbs, erect, perennial; stems generally solitary. Leaves basal or eauline, alternate, basally attenuate, pinnately veined; petiole indistinct. Inflorescence solitary, terminal, bracteate panicle, spike or raceme. Heads many in glomerules, 2 - 4-flowered; glomerules subtended by 1 or more bracts. Involucral bracts 8, in 2-decussate series. Corolla tubular, funnel form; tube slender; limb 5-parted. Anthers sagittate at base, apically appendaged. Style branches slender, terete, strigulose throughout. Achenes obovoid, slightly flattened, strigulose or hispidulous, 10-ribbed or angled. Pappus in one series, occasionally scale like or usually of 5-many straight, equal, puberulent bristles.

Distributed throughout the tropics and warmer temperate regions of both hemispheres. Absent from Europe; 25 species, 1 in India.

Literature. BAKER, E.F. (1902). A revision of Elephantopeae. Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 12: 43 - 56. BUSEY PHILIP (1975). Elephantopodinae. Ann. Miss. Bot. Gard. 62: 888 - 1004.

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