Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Herbs, annual, erect 30 - 60 cm high; stems branched, leafy. Leaves alternate, simple to lyrate pinnatifid. Inflorescence of lax terminal racemes. Capitula homogamous, discoid, bracteolate. Involucre campanulate; bracts uniseriate, connivent. Receptacle convex, naked, shallowly alveolate. Florets narrowly campanulate, numerous, tubular, 5-lobed. Anthers lanceolate, minutely sagittate at the base. Style arms very slender with long, subulate appendages of fused papillose hairs and central prominent tuft. Achenes cylindrical, faintly 8 - 10-ribbed. Pappus of fine, capillaceous, brittle, long hairs; hairs longer than the florets.

Distributed in Africa and Madagascar; ca 30 species, 1 in India.

Literature. BELCHER, R.O. (1955). The typification of Crassocephalum Moench. and Gynura Cass. Kew Bull. 1955: 455 - 465. RAO, R.R. & M.K.V. RAO (1976). On the Identity of crassocephaillm crepidioides and Galinsoga ciliata from Mysore. Geobios 3: 163 - 164. STEENIS, C.G.G.J. VAN (1967). Notes on the Introduction of Crassocephalum crepidioides (Benth.) S. Moore in Indo-Australia (Compositae). J. Ind. Bot. Soc. 46: 463-469.

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