Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Emilia sonchifolia (L.) DC. in Wight, Contrib. Bot. Ind. 24. 1834. Cacalia sonchifolia L., Sp. Pl. 1835. 1753; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 3: 336. 1881.

Bengal.: Sadhimodi; Hindi: Hirankhuri; Mal.: Mulshevi.

Herbs, annual, weak, 20 - 40 cm high, erect, subglabrous, sparsely puberulous or glaucescent; stems pale brown, branched, faintly ribbed. Leaves lyrately pinnatifid with triangular-ovate terminal lobe and irregularly toothed lateral lobes, cuneate, apex rounded or acute, 3 - 10 x 0.5 - 4 cm, membranous, glabrous to sparsely puberulous, pale green to dark blackish green, all sessile or lower leaves petioled; petiole winged, up to 6 cm long; cauline leaves obovate, acute to subobtuse, sessile, auricled, amplexicaul. Inflorescence corymbose. Capitula purple, discoid, 7 - 9 mm long, ebracteolate, on 5 - 6 mm long peduncle; peduncle 2 - 3 bracteate; bracts cordate, clasping at the base. Involucre cylindrical, 7 - 9 x 2.5 - 3 mm, glabrous to sparsely puberulous; bracts linear-lanceolate, 1 x 1 mm, acute, 3 - 5 veined, margins narrow, scarious. Disc florets 1 - 9 mm long; corolla limb ca 2 - 2.5 mm long; tube 5 - 1 mm long. Style arms cylindric with conical tip. Achenes brown, cylindrical, 2.5 - 3 mm long, 5-ribbed, scabrid. Pappus of white soft hairs, copious, 7 - 9 mm long.

Notes. Cauline leaves are cooked and eaten as vegetable; also used as salad. Decoction of the herb used as a febrifuge and also in bowel complaints. Juice of leaves used for sore eyes and night blindness.


1a. Radical leaves Iyralely lobed, ovate at apex. cuneate into winged petiole at base 7.2. sonchifolia
b. Radical leaves elliptic, serrate, acute at both ends. sessile 7.1. mucronata

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