Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Herbs, annual or perennial, erect; stems leafy, usually branched above, glabrous to scabro puberulous or sometimes white tomentose. Leaves alternate, pinnatisect to lyrately pinnatifid. Inflorescence of terminal or axillary corymb or panicle. Capitula yellow to pink or mauve, heterogamous, disciform. Involucre urceolate, campanulate; bracts uniseriate, with few outer calyculate bracts. Receptacle flat, naked. Marginal flowers female, filiform, 4 - 5 lobed at the apex. Disc florets narrowly campanulate, hermaphrodite, 5-lobed. Anther base obtuse, apices with short linear appendage. Style arms elongate with short appendages of fused papillae. Achenes oblong-linear to subcylindrical, 5 - 10 ribbed. Pappus hairs pink above and white at the base, numerous, capillary, as long as florets and exceeding the involucre.

S. America, Malaya, Australia, Polynesia, China and Japan; ca 15 species, 2 in India.

BELCHER. R.O. (1956). A revision of the genus Erechtites (Compositae) with enquiries into Senecio and Erechtites. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 43: 1 - 85. NAIR. N.C. & SRINIVASAN, S.R. (1982). Erechtites valerianifolia (Wolf.) DC. and Crassocephailum crepidioides (Benth.) S. Moore (Asteraceae). Their identity and distribution in South India. J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 3: 289 - 294.


1a. Pappus hairs pink above and white below 2. Erechtites valerianaefolia
b. Pappus hairs entirely white 1. Erechtites hieracifolia

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