Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Gynura aurantiaca (Blume) DC., Prodr. 6: 300. 1838. Cacalia aurantiaca Blume, Bijdr. 908. 1826.

Herbs, perennial, robust, densely purplish hairy; stems much branched, leafy, stout, ribbed; leaves ovate, acute to acuminate, lyrately pinnatifid with 2 - 8 lateral lobes, serrate, 2 - 8 x 1.5 - 4.5 cm, densely purplish hairy on both the surfaces, conspicuously veined on upper surface; petiole 1 - 1.5 cm long, densely purplish hairy, auricled at the base. Inflorescence terminal on long branches with 1 - 3 capitula on 1 - 5 cm long, pubescent peduncle. Capitula campanulate, many bracteolate; bracteoles ca 6 mm long, densely purplish hairy. Involucre campanulate; bracts 8 - 12, linear-lanceolate, 5 x 1 mm, acute, equal, with broad scarious margins. Florets all tubular, ca 9 mm long; tube yellow, ca 6 mm; limb 3 mm long; corolla lobes ca 1 mm long. Style arms orange, long, much exserted, hairy. Achenes pale brown, cylindrical, 1.5 mm long, slender, ribbed, glabrous. Pappus of white hairs, 10 - 11 mm long.

Fl. & Fr. April - May.

Distrib. India: Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Uttar Pradesh.


Notes. Commonly known as 'Velvet plant', used as an ornamental. The leaves are used for ring worm in Java.

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