Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Berberis asiatica Roxb. ex DC., Syst. Nat. 2: 13. 1821, non Griffith, 1847; Hook. f. & Thomson in Fl. Brit. India 1: 110. 1872.


Hindi: kilmoru (Kumaon).

Shrubs, up to 3 m high; stems pale yellowish, terete; internodes up to 4 cm long; spines 1 - 3 cm long, 3-fid, rarely solitary towards tip. Leaves shortly petioled, broadly obovate-elliptic, acute or obtuse and mucronate at apex, entire or distantly 2 - 6-spinose along margins, 1.5 - 7 x 0.8 - 3.5 cm, thickly coriaceous, finely reticulate. Inflorescences racemose or fascicled, 15 - 25-flowered, 1 - 2.5 cm long, short when in flower, elongating to 4 cm in fruits; pedicels 1 - 1.5 cm long, glabrous, red; bracts ca 2.5 x 2.5 mm. Outer sepals broadly ovate, ca 5 x 4 mm; inner sepals longer and broader. Petals obovate, emarginate, 7 - 8 x 5.5 - 6 mm; glands obovate. Stamens 5 - 5.5 mm long, truncate, not produced. Ovary ellipsoid; ovules 2 - 5. Berries oblong-ovoid to ellipsoid, ca 8 mm across, pruinose, stylose, red, becoming black; style 0.5 - 1 cm long.



KEY TO THE VARIETIES


1a. Leaves usually with 2 - 5 spinulose margins; flowers umbellate-racemose 15.1. asiatica
b. Leaves usually with entire margins; flowers in fascicles 15.2. clarkeana


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