Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Gynura procumbens (Lour.) Merr. Enum. Philip. Fl. Pls. 3: 618. 1923. Cacalia procumbens Lour. Fl. Cochinch. 485. 1790. Gynura sarmentosa DC., Prodr. 6: 298. 1838; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 3: 335. 1881.

Herbs, climbing; stems pale brown, leafy, pubescent when young. Leaves elliptic to rhomboid, acute, entire to dentate or lobed, 3 - 7 x 0.7 - 5 cm, green, purplish tinged beneath, sparsely pubescent, shortly petioled; petiole 0.1 - 0.5 cm. long. Inflorescence of lax corymb with 1 - 5 capitula. Capitula discoid, campanulate, 20 - 30-flowered bracteolate. Involucral bracts ca 13, 10 - 16 x 1 - 1.5 mm, gradually tapering from near the base. Disc florets 14 mm long; corolla tube 9 mm long; limb 5 mm long. Achenes.chest nut brown, 6 mm long, glabrous.

Distrib. India: Arunachal Pradesh, Abor Hills.

Tropical W. Africa, China, Thailand, Indonesia, Philippines, Malesia, Nigeria, Siberia, Ivory-Coast and Central African Empire.

Notes. The plant is grown in the nee fields of Mindaneo in the Philippine Islands as a remedy for rice-aphids. Horticulatural cultivars of the species are popular as house plarfts in temperate countries. The leaves are served in Malaya for flavouring food and in S.E. Asia the plant is used for kidney troubles, dysentery and as a febrifuge. In Sierra-Keoha it is the boiled leaves that are applied for general body pain. [Burkill, useful pls. W. Trop. Africa 476. 1985].

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