Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Kleinia Miller

Herbs, or undershrubs, perennial, succulent, glabrous. Leaves alternate, obovate or lanceolate, suborbicular to spathulate, simple, entire or finely serrate, succulent or herbaceous. Capitula cream to deep yellow, discoid, homogamous, large or medium sized, long peduncled, subcorymbose or paniculate, bracteolate or ebracteolate. Involucre cylindrical; bracts 1-seriate, equal, with a few shorter calyculate bracts at the base. Receptacle flat, naked. Florets all hermaphrodite; corolla narrowly tubular at the base widening gradually into the cylindrical or campanulate limb, 5-lobed at the apex. Anthers acutely appendaged at the apex, bluntly sagittate at the base. Style branches linear, elongate, appendaged; appendage short, ovoid, thick and papillose. Achenes cylindrical, glabrous, 10-ribbed. Pappus copious, capillacious, persistent or deciduous.

Tropical and S. Africa, Arabia and Sri Lanka; ca 50 species, 4 in India.

Literature. FYSON, P.F. (1932). Notes on four species of flowering plants from the South Indian Highlands. J. Indian Bot. Soc. 11: 48 - 50.


1a. Pappus hairs stiff and flattened 1. Kleinia balsamica
b. Pappus hairs not flattened 2
2a. Leaves elliptic-lanceolate, acuminate, long petioled 4. Kleinia walkeri
b. Leaves elliptic-oblong, oblanceolate, obovate, suborbicular or spathulate, obtuse, shortly petiolate or subsessile 3
3a. Leaves elliptic-oblong, oblanceolate, suborbicular or spathulate, blackish green, glaucous; capitula creamy 2. Kleinia grandiflora
b. Leaves obovate, green above and always purplish beneath glabrous; capitula deep yellow 3. Kleinia shevaroyensis

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