Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Senecio bombayensis Balakr. in J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 67(1) 57: 1970. Doronicum reticulatum Wight in Cal. J. Nat. Hist. 7: 156. 1847. S. grahami Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 3: 347. 1881, non Benth. 1857.


Mar.: Sonki

Herbes annual, erect, 30 - 90 cm high; stems stramineous, much branched, angular, glabrescent below and densely appressed white pubescent above. Leaves ovate-rhomboid, acute, margins irregularly mucronate, toothed, 1 - 6 x 0.5 - 3 cm, brownish green, glabrous to sparingly pubescent on the upper surface, lower surface with streaks of appressed white tomentum, except on the broad prominent green veins, base narrowed abruptly into a slender, simple petiole; petiole 1 - 4 cm long; upper cauline leaves with a pair of lanceolate auricles at the base of the petiole; lowermost leaves auriculate. Inflorescence subcorymbose or axillary. Capitula radiate, 2 - 3 cm in diam., bracteolate, on 2 - 8 cm long, slender peduncle; peduncle densely appressed pubescent. Involucre broadly campanulate, densely appressed, greyish pubescent; bracts obovate-oblong, ca 6 mm long, very slender, black tipped, herbaceous with broad, green pubescent veins on the dorsal surface, connate at the base. Ray florets yellow, 9 - 12, oblong, 10 - 12 mm long, 3 - 4 -veined, 2 - 3 -dentate. Disc florets yellow, numerous, 3 - 3.5 mm long; corolla limb equalling the tube. Achenes of ray florets linear, ca 3 mm long, curved, compressed, scabrid; of disc florets pale green, obconic, 3.5 - 4.5 mm long, ribbed, strigose. Pappus absent in ray florets, of long, brownish, paleaceous and short setaceous hairs in disc florets.

Fl. & Fr. Aug. - Dec.

Distrib. India: Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Goa and Tamil Nadu.




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