Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Cnesmone javanica Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 630. 1826 (sphalm. 'Cnesmona'); corr. Blume, Fl. Jav. Praef. p.vi. 1828; Hook.f, Fl. Brit. India 5: 466. 1887.


Herbaceous climbers, bearing scattered hirsute and urticating hairs to subglabrous or glabrous. Leaves oblong to ovate or subpanduriform, cordate at base with a wide sinus, denticulate or serrulate along margins, caudate-acuminate at apex, 6 - 22 x 3 - 15 cm, membranous, patently hairy on both sides with scattered bristles or sometimes subglabrous or glabrous, trinerved at base; lateral nerves 4 - 6 pairs; petioles 1.5 - 10 cm long; stipules ovate, 6 - 15 x 3 - 8 mm. Inflorescences leaf-opposed, androgynous, 3 - 10 cm long; peduncle 1.5 - 13 cm long. Male flowers: pedicels 2 - 4 mm long; calyx trifid; lobes ovate-deltoid, 4 - 5 x 6 - 8 mm; stamens 3, ca 2 mm long, free. Female flowers: distant, subsessile; calyx-lobes 3, broadly ovate to rhombate, 7 - 12 x 6 - 8 mm, velutinous on both surfaces, slightly accrescent; ovary depressed, ca 3 mm in diam., densely hirsute; styles 5 - 6 mm long. Fruits depressed, triple or double globose, strongly 2 or 3-lobed, 1.5 - 2 cm in diam., on 3 - 5 mm long pedicels, velutinous or hispid.



KEY TO THE VARIETIES


1a. Plants subglabrous to glabrous 1.1. glabriuscula
b. Plants densely villous-tomentose and scattered hirsute and urticating 1.2. javanica


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