Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Balakata baccata (Roxb.) Esser in Blumea 44: 155. 1999. Sapium baccatum Roxb., Fl. Ind., ed. Carey 3: 694. 1832; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 470. 1888. Carumbium baccatum (Roxb.) Kurz, Forest Fl. Burma 2: 412. 1877.


Asm.: Lawa, Seleng; Beng.: Chota-mal; Garo: Sam-sim; Kh.: Deing-ja-lonh-ehr; Nep.: Ankhataruwa.

Trees, up to 25 m tall, entirely glabrous; branches glaucous. Leaves ovate to ovatelanceolate or elliptic to oblong-elliptic, obtuse to rounded at base, entire, caudate-acuminate at apex, (5 -) 10 – 20 (- 25) x 2 – 10 cm, membranous to thinly coriaceous, glaucous beneath; basal glands 1.5 – 2.5 mm in diam.; lateral nerves 7 - 12 pairs; petioles 2 – 8 cm long; stipules oblonglanceolate, ca 1 mm long, early caducous. Inflorescences unisexual, terminal, crowded towards tips of twigs, spiciform-racemose panicles, up to 18 cm long, the males branched, the females less branched or almost simple; rachis bearing clusters of glands between flowers; bracts broadly ovate, up to 2 mm long. Male flowers: pedicels 1 - 3 mm long; calyx irregularly 2 or 3- lobed; lobes ovate-orbicular, ca 0.5 x 0.3 mm; stamens 2 or 3, included, free, ca 1 mm long. Female flowers: pedicels 1 – 1.5 mm long; calyx 2 or 3-lobed; lobes ovate, ca 1.5 x 1 mm; ovary ovoid, ca 1.5 x 1 mm, 2-locular, glabrous; styles 2, simple, ca 1 mm long, free; stigma revolute. Fruits didymous berries, subglobose, 9 - 12 mm in diam., 2-locular, spongy, fleshy, reddish purple, turning to purplish black; fruiting pedicels 2 – 4 mm long.

Fl. Feb. - June; Fr. Aug. - Nov.

Distrib. India: Mixed evergreen forests, up to 1000 m altitude. West Bengal, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Tripura, Meghalaya and Andaman & Nicobar Islands.

Bhutan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Indo-China, China, Thailand, Malaysia, Sumatra and Borneo.

Uses. The wood is useful for making packing boxes. Fruits sometimes used for flavouring. The pigeons relish the fruits.




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