Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Herbs, annual or perennial, scapigerous often glabrous or hispid with simple hairs; scapes simple or sparingly branched, usually leafless, bracteate above. Leaves radical, rosulate, ovate to oblong-spathulate, entire to dentate or sinuate-pinnatifid or runcinate-pinnatifid. Heads homogamous, solitary, usually campanulate, solitary, long peduncled. Involucral bracts 2 - 5 seriate, imbricate. Receptacle flat, paleaceous. Ligules usually yellow, 5-toothed. Style branches thin, obtuse. Achenes monomorphic or dimorphic, angular, cylindrical, oblong-linear, compressed or terete, 10 - 15 ribbed, glabrous, muricate, truncate or beaked at apex. Pappus 1 - 2 seriate, hairs plumose.

Throughout Europe, Asia and N. Africa, from tropical to temperate regions; ca 100 species, 2 in India, both introduced.

Literature. CABRERA, A.L. (1963). Eatudios sobre et genera Hypochoeris in Bull. Soc. Bot. 10: 166-195. KAMMATHY R.V. (1963). 1964. On the occurrence of two species of Hypochoeris L. in Nilgiris, South India in Bull. Bot. Surv. India 5: 247-249. LACK, H.W. (1979). The subtribe Hypochoeridinae (Asteraceae-Lactuceae) in the tropics and the southern hemisphere. Tropical Botany, (eds. K. Larsen & L.B. Holm-Nielson). Academic Press 265-275.



KEY TO THE SPECIES


1a. Perennial herbs; stems robust; achenes monomorphic, beaked 2. Hypochoeris radicata
b. Annual herbs; stems slenders achenes dimorphic, inner distinctly beaked 1. Hypochoeris glabra


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