Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Cremanthodium retusum (DC.) R. Good in J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 48: 278. 1929. Ligularia retusa DC., Prodr. 6: 314. 1838. Senecio retusus (Wallich ex DC.) C.B. Clarke, comp. Ind. 206. 1876; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 3: 350. 188l. Ligularia nigropilosa Kitam. in Act. Phyt. Geobot. 15: 107. 1954.


Herbs; rhizome short; stems stout, up to 90 cm high, 3 - 4 mm in diam., striate, glabrous below, araneose above with blackish crisp hairs. Radical leaves reniform, retuse., acutely dentate, 7.5 - 9 x 5 - 6 cm, upper surface green, minutely white pubescent, lower surface paler, crispate pubescent on the veins; petiole ca 18 - 20 cm long, covered with dilated blackish hairs at the base; cauline leaves reniform to linear, mucronately dentate; 5 - 10 x 2.5 - 5 cm; petiole 3.5 - 8 cm long, sheathing at the base. Capitula radiate, broadly campanulate, solitary or in a lax 3 - 8-headed receme, nodding, 2.5 cm in diam., bracteolate; bracteoles 1 - 4, linear, 3 - 6 mm long. Involucre green, hemispherical, 11 x 19 - 20 mm, bracts biseriate, subequal, minutely crispate pilose on the dorsal surface; outer ones lanceolate, acute, margins ciliate; inner ones oblong. Ray florets orange yellow, 11 - 14, 3-dentate at the apex, 11 x 2.5 - 3 mm; tube ca 4 mm long. Disc florets ca 5.5 mm long; tube 2 mm long. Style arms truncate. Achenes linear, ca 4.5 mm long, smooth. Pappus hairs white, ca 5 mm long, unequal, minutely scabrid.

Distrib. India: E. Himalayas. Sikkim.

Nepal.




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