Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Baccaurea courtallensis (Wight) Müll.Arg. in DC., Prodr. 15(2): 459. 1866; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 367. 1887; Gamble, Fl. Madras 2(7): 1310. 1925 (repr. ed. 2: 916. 1957). Pierardia courtallensis Wight, Icon. Pl. Ind. Orient. 5: t. 1912. 1852. P. macrostachya Wight, l. c. t. 1913. 1852. Baccaurea sapida sensu Bedd., Fl. Sylv. S. India t. 280. 1872, non (Roxb.) Müll.Arg. 1866.


Kan.: Koli-kuki; Mal.: Mottithuri; Muttapazham, Muttathuri, Muttikeipu; Tam.: Mootapalam, Muttithuri.

Trees, 5 - 15 m tall; young shoots furfuraceous; branchlets glabrous. Leaves cuneateobovate to oblong or elliptic, cuneate, attenuate or acute at base, entire to shallowly crenulatedenticulate along margins, acuminate or caudate at apex, 7 - 30 x (1.5-) 3 - 8.5 cm, membranous to chartaceous, scattered white furfuraceous above and beneath; lateral nerves 4 - 7 pairs; petioles (1-) 2 - 6 cm long, 1 - 2 mm thick; stipules lanceolate, 3 – 5 mm long, caducous. Male inflorescences rami- or cauliflorous, in fascicles or tufts, often forming rings around the branches, 3 - 12 (- 17) cm long; rachis slender, papillose-puberulous; lateral branches up to 0.5 mm long, 3 - 5-flowered; bracts lanceolate, 0.5 – 2.5 x 0.3 – 0.5 mm, free, conduplicate and encircling bases of lateral branches. Flowers: pedicels 0.5 - 1.5 mm long; sepals 4 or 5, linear, oblong, elliptic to suborbicular, 1.5 - 2 x 0.5 - 1 mm; stamens 4 - 6, ca 1 mm long. Female inflorescences cauli- or ramiflorous, 10 - 40 cm long; rachis slender, puberulous; bracts lanceolate, 1 – 1,5 mm long. Flowers: pedicels 1.5 - 3 mm long, 2 – 9 mm in fruits; sepals 4 or 5, linear, oblong to oblong-elliptic, 2.5 - 3 x 0.6 - 1.5 mm; ovary ovoid or subglobose, 2 - 3 x 1.5 - 3 mm, 3-locular, velutinous or felted; stigmas 3, flabellate, 1 - 1.5 mm broad. Fruits subglobose, ovoid, ellipsoid or obovoid, 15 - 30 x 15 - 25 mm, 3-locular, thick-walled, often with 6 longitudinal ribs, pale yellow when ripe, brown when dry, often verrucose, evanescently pubescent, tardily dehiscent.

Fl. Feb. - June; Fr. March - Oct.

Distrib. India: Common in evergreen forests, up to 900 m altitude. Orissa, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala.

Uses. The fruits are edible.

Notes. Pollen 3-colporate, sexine micro-reticulate. P = 17 μm (15 to 20), E = 13 μm (12 to 18). (Tissot, Chikki & Nayar, Pollen of Wet Evergreen Forests of Western Ghats, India. Publ. du depart. D’ecologie, Inst. Francias de Pondichery, Pondicherry.





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