Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Baccaurea motleyana (Müll.Arg.) Müll.Arg. in DC., Prodr. 15(2): 461. 1866; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 371. 1887 Chakrab. & M. Gangop. in J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 21: 53. 1997. Pierardia motleyana Müll.Arg. in Flora 47: 516. 1864.


Trees, 6 - 10 m tall; branchlets tomentellous. Leaves oblong to elliptic or obovate-elliptic, rounded or shallowly cordate at base, acuminate at apex, 15 - 35 x 6 - 16 cm, chartaceous, glabrous above, tomentellous to scattered pilose beneath; lateral nerves 12 - 16 pairs; petioles 3 - 12 cm long; stipules 5 – 10 mm long. Male inflorescences cauliflorous, few-together, 8 - 20 cm long; lateral branches up to 2 mm long, 3 - 5-flowered; bracts lanceolate, 1 - 1.5 mm long. Male flowers: green-yellow; pedicels ca 1.5 mm long; sepals 4, triangular, ovate or oblong, 1.5 - 2 x 0.8 - 1.3 mm, papillose-puberulous; stamens 4 - 6, ca 1 mm long. Female flowers: not seen (the inflorescences reported to be cauli- and ramiflorous, up to 25 cm long). Fruits globose, ovoid to ellipsoid, 3-seeded berries, 22 – 45 x 15 – 25 mm, glabrous to densely hairy outside, glabrous inside, greenish yellow to white; fruiting pedicels 5 – 10 mm long; seeds ellipsoid, laterally flattened, 13 – 20 x 9 – 14 x 2.5 – 4 mm; arillode translucent white, rarely purple.

Fl. & Fr. April – Aug.

Distrib. India: Kerala (specimen from cultivated plant, Quilon Dist., Bourdillon 226 in CAL). No other specimen seen.

Sri Lanka (cult.), Thailand, Malay Peninsula (cult.), Sumatra, Borneo, Moluccas and Java (cult.).




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