Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Chondrilla graminea M. Bieb., Fl. Taur. Cauc. 2: 244: 1808; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 3: 402. 1881. Chondrilla graminea M. Bieb. var. kashmirica Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 3: 402. 1881.

Herbs, perennial, woody, glabrous, branched from the base. Leaves often filiform, entire, rarely spinous towards margins, 5 - 8 x 0.2 - 0.3 cm, sessile. Heads narrow, cylindric, 1.2 - 1.5 x 0.2 - 0.3 cm, erect; peduncles very slender. Outer bracts ovate or obovate-lanceolate, 1 - 1.5 x 0.5 - 0.6 mm; inner linear or linear-lanceolate, 11 - 12 x 0.8 - 1.2 mm. Ligules yellow. Achenes pale yellow, 5 - 7 mm, long, with many ribs, obscurely toothed; base of beak with many tooth-like projections. Pappus glistening white, 6 - 8 mm long, very slender.

Fl. & Fr. Aug. - Sept.

Distrib. India: W. Himalayas on open moist slopes, 2500-3600 m. Jammu & Kashmir.


Notes. Hooker (Fl. Brit. India 3: 402. 1881) described a variety var. kashmirica under Chondrilla graminea and separated it from the latter on the basis of broader leaves. The only specimen available is a collection by C.B. Clarke from Ramoo, Kashmir, type of variety kashmirica. The critical examination of this specimen revealed that this is very similar to C. graminea and does not show any strong distinguishing character, on the basis of which it can be separated. Hence the variety Kashmirica is merged under C. graminea.

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