Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Blepharispermum subsessile DC. in Wight, Contrib. Bot. 12. 1834; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 3: 276. 1881.

Herbs or undershrubs, erect glabrous; rootstock woody; stems furrowed. Leaves obovate, elliptic, entire, very rarely toothed, obtuse or subacute at apex, base narrowed to very obscure petiole, 2 - 8 x 0.7 - 3.1 cm, coriaceous, glabrous, reticulately nerved, subsessile. Heads in terminal, globose clusters, compound, ca 2.5 cm across subtended by a leafy bract; bracts ovate, acute, ca 2.4 x 1.5 mm; peduncle 0.5 - 1.5 cm long. Involucral bracts 1 - 2-seriate; outer flat or slightly concave, keeled on back, each with a single female floret; inner bracts 3-fid, strongly plicate, enclosing white, hermaphrodite florets. Outer florets 2 in each head. Disc florets 3 - 8 in each head. Achenes black, ca 3 mm long, distinctly 3-angled, strongly ciliate on the angles; those of disc florets smaller, upto 2 mm. Pappus of few short hairs, smaller, ca 2 mm.

Fl. July - Sept. & Fr. Aug. - Jan.

Distrib. India: Deccan Plateaeu, hill slopes on Ghats and in Sal forests, 600-1170 m. Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Maharastra, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka.

Notes. Reported as a cattle tonic. Crushed root is reported to be efficacious for children after purging.

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