Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Trees, monoecious with simple hairs; young leaves and inflorescences with yellowish hairs. Leaves alternate, simple, symmetric, petiolate, penninerved; lower surface with 0 - 10 marginal glands on each side; stipules ovate to triangular. Inflorescences terminal, spike-like thyrses, unbranched, bisexual or unisexual; bracts of male cymules triangular, at base with a pair of glands outside touching the axis and sometimes decurrent. Flowers: actinomorphic; calyx 3- lobed; petals and disc absent. Male flowers: (3 - ) 5 - 7 together, pedicellate; stamens 3, filament and anther of similar length; pistillode absent. Female flowers: 1 - 3 at base of staminate thyrse, sometimes absent; ovary 3-locular; ovules 1 per locule; styles 3, stigma undivided. Fruits pedicellate capsules, regularly dehiscent along septa, sometimes tardily dehiscent, smooth; pericarp massive, ca 2 mm thick, dry and woody; seeds ellipsoid, ecarunculate.

Tropical Africa and Asia, from India to Cambodia and throughout Malesia, 6 species, one in India.




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