Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Chrozophora hierosolymitana Spreng., Syst. Veg. 3: 850. 1826. C. tinctoria auct. non A.Juss., 1824: sensu Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 408. 1887, p. p., quoad specim. capsulis lepidotis tantum. C. tinctoria var. hierosolymitana (Spreng.) Müll.Arg. in DC., Prodr. 15(2): 749. 1866, p. p. C. obliqua auct. non (Vahl) A.Juss. ex Spreng., 1826: sensu Hook.f., l. c. 5: 409. 1887, p. p., excl. specim. Sind. C. obliqua var. hierosolymitana (Spreng.) Duthie, Fl. Gangetic Plain 3: 105. 1915.

Herbs, annual. Leaves ovate or subrhombate, truncate, rounded or broadly cuneate at base, obtuse or subobtuse at apex, subentire, wavy, undulate or distantly dentate along margins, 2 - 6.4 x 1.5 - 5 cm, tomentose on both sides; petioles 1.5 - 5.5 cm long. Male flowers: sessile; calyx subglobose, 5-lobed; lobes ca 3 mm long; petals 5, linear, ca 2.5 mm long, densely lepidote; stamens 4 or 5, rarely 6 - 8, connate below. Female flowers: solitary, scattered at the lower part of the raceme, pedicelled; calyx lobes 5, linear-lanceolate, ca 3 mm long; petals narrow or obsolete; disc glands short, broad. Fruits subglobose, 6 - 8 mm in diam., reddish purple, muricate when mature, covered with silvery scales.

Fl. & Fr. Feb. - May.

Distrib. India: Plains, in dry alluvial soil, rare. Punjab, Haryana and Rajasthan.

Pakistan and westwards to Egypt and Turkey.

Notes. Chromosome number: 2n = 44 (Kliphuis & Wieffering, Taxon 28: 398. 1979).

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