Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Trees, monoecious, glabrous, evergreen. Leaves alternate, sometimes apically crowded; petioles at least half as long as blade; stipules ovate to triangular. Inflorescences terminal and in axils of uppermost leaves, simple spike-like thyrses; female flowers at base, male flowers at apices. Male flowers: in 5 – 8-flowered cymules; bracteoles present, undivided; bracts triangular, with a pair of spheroidal cylindrical glands touching the axis; pedicels up to 2 mm long; calyx 3 – 6-lobed; stamens 2 or 3; filaments longer than anthers. Female flowers: pedicellate; calyx apically to completely divided into 3 sepals, glandless or with spheroidal marginal glands; ovary 3-locular, smooth; style disarticulating at base. Fruits smooth, dry, 3-seeded, opening regularly and nearly simultaneously septicidally and loculicidally; septa mostly remaining with the winged columella; seeds attached to the central columella for a long time, covered with pale whitish sarcotesta, ecarunculate.

Asia, from NE. India to China and West Malesia, 3 or 4 species, 2 in India.



KEY TO THE SPECIES


1a. Leaves ovate to elliptic, twice as long as wide 1. Triadica cochinchinensis
b. Leaves broadly ovate, less than twice as long as wide 2. Triadica sebifera


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