Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Trees, monoecious, glabrous, evergreen. Leaves alternate, sometimes apically crowded; petioles at least half as long as blade; stipules ovate to triangular. Inflorescences terminal and in axils of uppermost leaves, simple spike-like thyrses; female flowers at base, male flowers at apices. Male flowers: in 5 – 8-flowered cymules; bracteoles present, undivided; bracts triangular, with a pair of spheroidal cylindrical glands touching the axis; pedicels up to 2 mm long; calyx 3 – 6-lobed; stamens 2 or 3; filaments longer than anthers. Female flowers: pedicellate; calyx apically to completely divided into 3 sepals, glandless or with spheroidal marginal glands; ovary 3-locular, smooth; style disarticulating at base. Fruits smooth, dry, 3-seeded, opening regularly and nearly simultaneously septicidally and loculicidally; septa mostly remaining with the winged columella; seeds attached to the central columella for a long time, covered with pale whitish sarcotesta, ecarunculate.

Asia, from NE. India to China and West Malesia, 3 or 4 species, 2 in India.


1a. Leaves ovate to elliptic, twice as long as wide 1. Triadica cochinchinensis
b. Leaves broadly ovate, less than twice as long as wide 2. Triadica sebifera

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