Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Bridelia assamica Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 269. 1887; Jabl. in Engl., Pflanzenr. IV.147.VIII (Heft 65): 85. 1915; Kanjilal et al., Fl. Assam 4: 145. 1940.

Asm.: Barhaila, Soraiguti-koa.

Shrubs or trees, 3 - 6 m tall; branchlets tomentellous when young, glabrescent in age. Leaves narrowly to broadly elliptic to obovate-elliptic or oblong-oblanceolate, acute to subacute or rounded or sub-cuneate at base, entire or often shallowly and irregularly crenulate along margins, caudate or acuminate at apex, 10 - 32 x 4.5 - 14.5 cm, stiffly chartaceous, glabrous above, sparsely pilose on nerves or rarely glabrous beneath; lateral nerves 10 - 18 pairs, terminating directly at the margins into the marginal veins; petioles 8 – 12 (- 20) mm long. Inflorescences borne on the main leafy branches, ca 6 mm in diam. (when the fruits are fallen); bracts broadly ovate, ca 0.4 mm long. Flowers: not seen. Fruits sessile, broadly ovoid to ellipsoid, 8 - 10 x 5 - 7 mm (ca 25 mm long according to J.D. Hooker, l. c.), unlobed, smooth, 1- locular, black or dark grey when dry; stylar beak ca 1 mm long; sepals triangular-acuminate, ca 2.5 x 1 mm, glabrous; seed with a longitudinal groove.

Fr. Oct. - March.

Distrib. India: Primary forests, often along riverbanks, between 500 - 1000 m altitudes, scarce. Arunachal Pradesh, Assam and Nagaland.


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