Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Blumea eriantha DC. in Wight, Contrib. Bot. Ind. 15. 1834; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 3: 266. 1881.

Mar.: Nimurdi.

Herbs, perennial with fibrous roots; stems reddish-yeUqw, dichotomously branched, erect, 0.1-1 m high, clothed with long, white, silky hairs and stalked glands. Lower leaves obovate, base tapering, apiculate or obtuse, margins irregularly spinulose-serrate, 2-15 x 0.5-5.0 cm, subsessile; upper leaves elliptic ovate to oblanceolate, cordate, clasping at the base, margins spinulose serrate, densely pilose on both surfaces when young, scabrid with the age, sessile. Heads axillary or terminal, solitary or few, clustered, 5-6 mm in diam. Involucral bracts linear, acute, 1-7 mm long, herbaceous, slightly longer than florets, completely reflexed at maturity, pubescent with glands and hairs on dorsal surface, margins scarious, ciliate. Florets numerous with usually abortive anthers in central florets, marginal florets female. Corollas of central florets yellow, tubular, 3-4 mm long, 5-lobed, pubescent on lobes and tube with white hairs; corolla of marginal female florets 3-3.5 mm long, 2-3 -lobed, pubescent. Achenes brown, minute, obscurely angled, sparsely pilose, shining. Pappus white, up to 3.5 mm long.

Fl. & Fr. Nov.- April.

Distrib. India: in open forests and fields. Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Maharashtra and Goa.


Notes. The plants yield an essential oil with a smell of camphor. The juice of the plant is carminative. Its warm and cold infusions are also used as medicine.

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