Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Bursera penicillata (Sesse & Moc. ex DC.) Engl. in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 1: 44. 1881 & in A. & C. DC., Monogr. Phan. 4: 52. 1883; Hussain et al. in Indian Forester 100(5): 315 - 319. 1974. Elaphrium penicillatum Sesse & Moc. ex DC., Prodr. 1: 724. 1824. Bursera delpechiana Poiss. ex Engl. in A. & C. DC., Monogr. Phan.4: 53. 1883.


Eng.: Linaloe or Lignaloe tree, Indian lavender tree.

Small, deciduous trees or shrubs, 5 - 6 m high, dioecious; female trees slightly smaller than the male ones; bark brownish, smooth, lenticellate with resin ducts; vegetative and floral buds arise from axils of bud scales; bud scales in two rows. Leaves alternate, imparipinnate, (3-) 5 - 9-foliolate, up to 15 cm long, those of male trees bigger; rachis winged, sparsely pilose with mixed glandular hairs; leaflets subsessile to shortly petiolulate, ovate or rhomboid-ovate, ca 5.5 x 2.2 cm, minutely pubescent above, villous beneath; rounded or abruptly attenuate at base, serrate-crenate in the upper region and entire below along margins, acute at apex; terminal leaflet larger than the lateral ones. Inflorescence a paniculate cyme, axillary or pseudo terminal; peduncles 8 - 10 cm long, branched, pubescent. Flowers unisexual or bisexual, actinomorphic, 4-merous, rarely 5-merous, creamy white, fragrant; male flowers larger than the female ones; bracts sub tending branches linear-lanceolate, those subtending flowers minute, subulate, both glandular-hairy. Sepals 4, deltoid, ca 1 mm long, more or less connate at base, glandular hairy outside. Petals oblong, ca 3 mm long, acute, half deflexed , densely villous with mixed glandular hairs, smaller in size in female flowers. Stamens 8, 2 - 3 mm long; obdiplostemonous; filaments dilated at base; anthers dorsifixed. Staminodes 8 in female flowers, 1.5 mm long; filaments as long as anthers, dilated and attached to disk; anther lobes twisted. Disk annular, 8-lobed, crenate. Ovary superior, conical, laterally compressed, bilocular; ovules 2 in each locule in axile placentation; style simple; stigma bifid. Pistillode minute in male flowers. Fruits drupaceous, ovoid, sometimes 3-lobed, brown when mature, 1-seeded, one of the locules invariably suppressed; seeds non endospermouse

Fl. March - April; Fr. May - Sept.

Distrib. Native of Mexico. Established at Tatgunni near Bangalore. Cultivated at widely separated areas in S. India.

Uses. Oil obtained from the wood and fruits is a colourless to pale yellow liquid of pleasant odour, used in modem perfumery, for flavouring foods and beverages. It is chiefly used by the soap and cosmetics industry.




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