Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Dacryodes rugosa (Blume) H. J. Lam in Ann. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg 42: 203. t. 11. f. 64. 1932; P. Chakraborthy in Bull. Bot. Surv. India 21: 6. 1979. Santiria rugosa Blume, Mus. Bot. 1: 212. 1850. S. fasciculata A.W. Bennett in Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 539. 1883.

Trees, 5 - 20 (-35) m high, sometimes large shrubs; branchlets pubescent. Leaves (0-) 2 - 4-jugate; petioles terete or more or less flattened at base, pubescent or puberulous to glabrous; bases of petioles, nodes of rachis and ends of petiolules distinctly swollen; leaflets variable in shape, elliptic or elliptic-oblong, obovate or ovate to oblong- lanceolate, (3.8-) 6 - 22(-24) x (1.8-) 2.5 - 11.3 cm, chartaceous, often bullate, oblique at base, cuneate to rounded or acute, more or less abruptly acuminate at apex. Panicles axillary or pseudoterminal, rarely terminal, densely, minutely pubescent. Flowers pale yellow or white, sparsely pubescent to glabrous. Male inflorescence slender, 15 - 60 cm long, laxly branched; flowers clustered. Female inflorescence pyramidal, lax, 2 - 25 (-40) cm long, few-flowered. Calyx in male flowers 0.75 - 1 mm long, in female ones 1 - 1.5 mm long. Calyx lobes ovate, acute. Stamens adnate to disk, episepalous ones slightly longer. Disk cupular, thick. Pistil reduced to pistillode or absent in male flowers. Fruits ovoid, slightly oblique, rounded at both ends, 1.5 - 2.5 x 0.75 - 1.5 cm; in various shades between yellow and red; flower remains long-persistent.

Fl. Sept. - Dec.; Fr. May - July.

Distrib. In primary forests up to 900 m; Andaman & Nicobar Islands (Katchal island).

Sumatra (south), Malay Peninsula, W. Java, Borneo.

Notes. Chakraborty In. Bull. Bot. Surv. India 21: 6. 1979 reports this species for the first time in Katchal Island of the Andaman.

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