Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Epirixanthes elongata Blume, Cat. Gew. Buitenz. 25. 1823. Salomonia aphylla Griffith in Proc. Linn. Soc. 1: 221. 1844 & in Trans. Linn. Soc. 19: 342. 1845; Bennett in Fl. Brit. India 1: 207. 1872.


Herbs, slender, 6 - 25 cm high, simple or sparingly branched above, terete, reddish to violet, glabrous to puberulent; roots much-branched, deep lying stems with rigid erect branches, glossy, violet or yellowish brown. Leaves sessile, scaly, ovate-lanceolate, broad at base, acute to acuminate at apex, 1.2 - 1.7 mm long, ca 1 mm wide, violet or yellow; lower ones bearing vegetative buds with imbricating scales in axils; upper ones almost erect. Spikes terminal, rather dense-flowered, conical or cylindrical, acute or rather obtuse at apex, 2 - 9 cm long, fertile portion 1 - 3.5 cm long, fruiting part 2.5 - 3 mm thick; bracts ovate, acuminate, ca 1 mm long, early caducous, yellowish white with a violet median streak or blotch. Flowers 1.5 - 2 mm long, cream-yellow, ovoid-globose in bud. Sepals free, subequal, ovate to elliptic-ovate, ca 1 x 0.5 mm. Petals 3, narrowly lanceolate, 1.5 - 2 mm long, up to 0.7 mm wide, yellowish white. Stamens 4 - 5, monadelphous; anthers rounded, sessile at mouth of hyaline tube of filaments. Ovary sessile, laterally compressed, 1 - 2 mm in diam., glabrous, 2-ovuled; style slightly curved, 0.5 1.2 mm long, thin, equal to ovary or somewhat longer; stigma globose, dark red. Capsules ellipsoid to broadly obcordate, sightly shorter than and enclosed by sepals, ca 1 mm wide. Seeds ellipsoid, shiny black, glabrous.

Fl. & Fr. Sept. - Dec.

Distrib. India: Shaded humid localities, in humus-rich soils, up to 1200 m. Assam, Meghalaya and Mizoram.

Bhutan, Bangladesh, Myanmar and Malaysia.

Notes. Joseph (in Bull. Bot. Surv. India 12: 73. 1970 & Fl. Nongpoh and Vicinity, P. 37. 1982) reports it from Nongpoh, along the northern slopes of Meghalaya towards Guwahati, with descriptions and illustrations.





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