Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Ternstroemia wallichiana (Griffith) Ridley in Fl. Malay Penin. 1: 198. 1922. Erythrochiton wallichianum Griffth, Not. Pl. Asiat. 4: 565, 1854 & Icon. Pl. Asiat 4: t. 585A, f. 7. 1854. T. penangiana auct. non Choisy, 1855; Dyer in Fl. Brit. India 1: 281. 1874.


Evergreen, glabrous trees, up to 200 m tall; stems obscurely ribbed, glabrous. Leaves 5 - 17.5 x 4 - 7 cm oblong, obovate or broadly oblanceolate, cuneate or deccurent at base, acute or shortly acuminate at apex, entire, coriaceous; lateral veins 5 - 7 pairs, distinct; petioles 1 - 2.5 cm long, channelled above, glabrous. Flowers whitish, axillary, solitary, or in fascicles, ca 3 cm across; pedicels 1.5 - 3 cm long; bractioles 2, ca 1 cm long, ovate, alternate. Sepals ca 1 x 1 cm, orbicular, wrinkled, persistent. Petals ca 1.8 cm long, obovate or broadly orbicular-spathulate, leathery, denticulate. Stamens numerous in several rows; filaments ca 2 mm long filiform; anthers ca 1 mm long , glabrous, truncate. Ovary conical, 2-loculed, ovule 2 in each locule; stigmas sessile, 2-lobed, dentate. Berries 3.5 cm across, ovoid or globose, fleshy, orange, becoming brown, 4-seeded. Seeds 1.5 x 1 cm, ovoid, oblong, embedded in red pulp, brownish.

Fl. Nov. - Feb.; Fr. March - April.

Distrib. India: In tropical evergreen forests. Andaman & Nicobar Island (Andaman Island); rare.

Bangladesh, Myanmar and Malesia.




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