Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Staphylea emodi Wallich ex Brandis, For. Fl. N.W.C. India. 114 . 1874; Hiern in Fl. Brit. India 1: 698. 1875.

Hindi: Nagdaun; Kash.: Chitra, Milyachi. Sarpa-Lor, Gur-Kateh.

Shrubs or small trees, glabrous, often with strong adventitious shoots at base; bark spotted. Leaves opposite 10 - 35 cm long, long petioled, trifoliate; leaflets ovate or elliptic, 2 - 11 x 2.5 - 7 cm, acuminate at apex, basal end obliquely acute, sharply serrate, thin, membranous, glabrous above, pale beneath. Flowers in terminal, usually drooping panicles. Calyx 5-parted, segments ovate- oblong. Petals 5, oblong, equalling the calyx, white. Disc 5-lobed. Stamens 5, equalling the petals; anthers shortly apiculate. Capsules, inflated, broadly ovoid, 5 - 8 cm long, narrowed to the base, shortly 3-pointed at the top.

Fl. & Fr. : April - Dec.

Distrib. North-western temperate Himalaya, between 2000 - 3340 m. Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh.

Nepal, Pakistan, Afghanistan and Iran.

Notes. The long shoots, with ornamentation on the bark, are much sought for walking sticks. It is also believed to have the property of driving off snakes.

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