Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Filicium decipiens (Wight & Arn.) Thwaites, Enum. Pl. Zeyl. 408. 1864; Bennett in Fl. Brit. India 1: 539. 1875. Rhus decipiens Wight & Arn., Prodr. 172. 1834.

Mal.: Val muriccha, Niroli; Tam.: Ningal.

Trees, up to 20 m tall; bark reddish brown covered with scales. Leaves up to 35 cm long, dark green with broadly winged spathulate rachis, subcoriaceous. Leaflets 6-8 pairs, obovate 5 - 10.5 x 1.5 - 2.5 cm, apex emarginate, base narrow, unequal, subcoriaceous, resinous dotted. Flowers in axillary panicles, greenish white. Calyx 5-lobed. Petals 5, equalling the calyx, white, imbricate, without scales. Disc tomentose. Stamens inserted within the disc, equal. Ovary sessile, compressed-globose. Fruits almost globose, apiculate, purple, 1 - 2 -seeded. Seeds oblong.

Fl. & Fr. : Oct. - Feb.

Distrib. India : Western Ghats, up to 1800 m, usually in drier situations, rare in evergreen forests. Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala.

Notes. An ornamental avenue tree with fern like leaves, under cultivation in parks and gardens of Peninsular India.


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