Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Leucanthemum vulgare Lam., Fl. Fr. 2: 131. 1779. Chrysanthemum leucanthemum L., Sp. Pl. 888. 1753.

Herbs, perennial, erect, glabrous, or hairy, 10 - 100 cm high; rootstock woody, sometimes trailing. Stems 2 - 3 from the rootstock. Basal leaves glaucous, broadly to narrowly spathulate, margins crenate to dentate, 5 - 10 cm long; cauline leaves narrowly oblong to spathulate, crenate to dentate, 1.2 - 5 x 0.3 - 1.2 cm, glaucous. Heads solitary on long, 2 - 5 cm in diam.; peduncles, more or less naked, terminating the stem or sometimes the branches. Involucral bracts 4 x 0.15 mm; outer broadly lanceolate, margins, scarious; inner oblong-lanceolate, prominently brown scarious at the tips. Receptacle flat, naked. Ray florets female, 1.5 x 0.4 cm; ligule white, obtuse or obscurely 3-fid, nerved. Disc florets yellow., hermaphroidite, tubular, campanulate, 3 x 0.8 mm, tube more or less winged or folded; limbs 5-fid, lobes ovate, acute. Achenes obconic-cylindric, 2 x 0.5 mm, usually prominently 10-ribbed, crowned by the persistent style base. Pappus minute or auricle like or absent.

Fl. & Fr. April - Nov.

Distrib. India: Gangetic Plain and W. Himalayas, ascending up to 2500 m. Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and W. Bengal.

Pakistan, China and N. America.

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