Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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26. Blumeodendron (Müll.Arg.) Kurz

Trees, dioecious; leaf-buds and inflorescences covered with gum. Leaves alternate, opposite or whorled or sometimes partly spirally arranged; petioles long, prominently thickened and kneed at both ends, exstipulate. Inflorescences axillary or terminal clusters of flowers or subumbelliform racemes or panicles. Male flowers: disc fleshy, divided into many lobes; stamens 14 - 35, arranged between disc lobes; filaments long, twisted at apex; anthers short, adnate to the short connective, 2-locular, introrse; pistillode dentate-lobed. Female flowers: sepals as in male; staminodes absent; disc annular, fleshy, not distinct from ovary; ovary 2 or 3-locular; styles 2 or 3, subulate, elongated, articulate at base, spreading and recurved. Fruits woody on thickened pedicels, subglobose, smooth, dehiscing into 2 - 3 bivalved parts; seeds 1 - 3, edible.

Nicobar Islands, Myanmar, Thailand, through Malesia to New Guinea and Bismarck Islands, 5 species; 2 in India.


1a. Leaves whorled; basal pair of lateral nerves extending half way up the lamina; minor nerves obscure; surface of leaves shagreened or roughened; male inflores- cence a condensed cyme 1. Blumeodendron kurzii
b. Leaves mostly alternate or subopposite; basal pairs of lateral nerves extending only for onethird way up the lamina; minor nerves prominent; surface or leaves smooth; male inflorescence elongated, pseudo-racemose 2. Blumeodendron tokbrai

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