Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Blumeodendron kurzii (Hook.f.) J.J.Sm. apud Koord. & Valeton, Meded. Dept. Landb. Ned.-Indie 10: 463. 1910; Chakrab. & N.P.Balakr. in J. Econ. Taxon. Bot., Addit. Ser. 9: 27, f. 5. 1992. Mallotus kurzii Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 427. 1887; M.P.Nayar & A.R.K.Sastry in Red Data book of Indian Pl. 3: 118. 1990. Blumeodendron tokbrai sensu Kurz in J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt. 2, Nat. Hist. 42(2): 245. 1873, non Elateriospermum tokbrai Blume, 1826.


Trees, 7 - 15 m tall, entirely glabrous; terminal branchlets 3 - 5 together in a whorl, thickened at nodes. Leaves in whorls of 3 - 5, elliptic to oblong-lanceolate or broadly ovate, obtuse, cuneate or rounded at base, entire, obtuse or shortly caudate-acuminate at apex, 10 - 50 x 5 - 21 cm, stiffly coriaceous, shagreened; midrib with 2 small blotch-like glands at base above; lateral nerves 4 - 10 pairs; reticulations fine, obscure, forming minutely sunken pattern on upper surface; petioles (2 -) 3 - 8 (- 11) cm long; stipules obsolete. Male flowers: borne in axils of fallen leaves at thickened knot-like nodes, condensed fascicles, (1 -) 2 - 4 cm long, shortly peduncled; pedicels 1 - 1.2 cm long; calyx lobes 3 - 4 mm long; stamens ca 30, free, 3 - 4 mm long; anthers globose. Female flowers: fascicled at thickened leafless nodes; calyx cup-shaped, 4-lobed or - dentate; ovary oblong, mostly 2-loculed. Fruits subglobose, 3 - 4 cm in diam., unlobed, woody, 2 - 3-locular, on thickened 8 - 10 mm long pedicels.

Fl. & Fr. Feb. - Dec.

Distrib. India: Lowland humid tropical mixed forests and coastal sub-marshy areas on sandy loam. Andaman & Nicobar Islands.

Myanmar, Thailand, W. Malesia to New Guinea.

Uses. Seeds are edible and eaten by birds.




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