Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Hymenocardia punctata Wall. [Cat. No. 3549. 1831, nom. nud.] ex Lindl., Intr. Nat. Syst. Bot. ed. 2, 441. 1836; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 377. 1887. H. wallichii Tul. in Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot., Ser. 3, 15: 256. 1851; Pax & K.Hoffm. in Engl., Pflanzenr. IV.147.xv (heft 81): 78. 1922.

Shrubs or trees, up to 8 m high ; branchlets ferrugineous tomentellous. Leaves broadly oblong, oblong-ellpitic, broadly elliptic to suborbicular, rounded, obtuse or acute at base, apiculate at apex, 3 - 10 x 1.5 - 5 cm, thinly coriaceous, glabrous above, densely punctate (all over) and sparsely hirtellous on major nerves beneath, often weakly trinerved at base; lateral nerves 4 - 7 pairs; nervules very prominent above. Male catkins up to 2.5 cm long; bracts broadly triangular, ca 0.5 mm long, shortly pedicellate. Flowers: ca 1.5 mm across; pedicels ca 0.3 mm long; calyx ca 1.5 mm long; lobes broadly triangular, ca 0.5 mm long; anthers ca 1 mm long. Female inflorescences up to 3 cm long, 2 - 5-flowered; rachis tomentellous. Flowers: pedicels ca 1 x 0.4 mm, puberulous; sepals ovate-lanceolate, ca 2 x 1 mm, pilose and punctate outside; ovary flattened at right angles to septum; styles ca 4 mm long. Fruits oblate or obcordate in outline, 7 - 10 x 15 - 20 mm, flat; wings reticulately veined; pedicels 2 - 2.5 mm long, densely hirtellous.

Fl. & Fr. Jan. – April.

Distrib. India: Arunachal Pradesh (Mishmi Hills).

Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Malaysia and Indonesia (Sumatra).

Notes. The present record is based on two herbarium sheets in CAL, bearing accession nos. 409859 and 409866, collected by Griffith from Mishmi hills in Arunachal Pradesh (annotated in pencil). However, according to J. D. Hooker (l. c.) the Mishmi ticket may be an error for Burma. A collection, Gallatly s. n. (CAL) from Tenasserim bears an annotation in pencil: “Common in Assam”.

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