Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Shrubs, usually glabrous, rarely with malpighian hairs in juvenile parts. Leaves opposite, alternate or subopposite, petiolate or sessile, elliptic, ovate or falcate. Pseudoracemes axillary, centrifugal, 3 - 20-flowered, flower buds spathulate; pedicels short, bearing a single round bract below the ovary. Flowers ebracteolate, slightly zygomorphic, 5-merous, mostly glabrous. Calyculus-tube entire, truncate. Corolla-tube long, ventricose, curved, splitting on one side; lobes 5, unilaterally reflexed. Stamens 5, erect or recurved; filaments subterete; anthers oblong, isothecate or anisothecate, elevatilobate without sterile apex. Ovary oblong, bearing a conspicuous entire calyx-rim; style tetragonous; stigma capitate. Fruits pseudocarps, ellipsoid to ellipsoid-ovoid, with apical collar, smooth, glabrous. Endosperm linear-elliptic, horned, mamillate.

Tropical Africa, Asia and Australia, ca 30 species; 4 in India.


1a. Leaves both opposite and alternate 2
b. Leaves opposite 3
2a. Leaves undulate along margins; lateral nerves faint; racemes 2 – 8 cm long, 10 – 25- flowered 1. Dendrophthoe falcata
b. Leaves entire along margins; lateral nerves prominent; racemes 0.7 – 2 cm long, 3 – 12- flowered 4. Dendrophthoe pentandra
3a. Branching pseudo-dichotomous; leaves sessile or subsessile; flowers in peduncled umbellate cymes, 2.5 - 3 cm long; anthers isothecate with rounded sterile apex; endosperm hornless, mamillate 2. Dendrophthoe memecylifolia
b. Branching lateral; leaves petiolate; flowers solitary or in very short peduncled cymes, 2 - 2.2 cm long; anthers anisothecate without sterile apex; endosperm with five distal incurved horns, not mamillate 3. Dendrophthoe neelgherrensis

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